Young Men at Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, 1880
Eight male American Indian students pose for an unknown photographer at the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute on March 20, 1880. The second of a "before and after" pair of images, this photograph shows the men in Western-style suits and ties. The "before" photograph, taken two years earlier, showed ten young men in native dress. (The fates of the missing two are unknown.) Together, the images demonstrated how the school had "civilized" the young men.
Hampton was chartered in 1870 as a land grant school and exclusively served African Americans until 1878, when it accepted its first American Indian students, most of whom were from the western United States.
Seated, from left to right, are Arihotchkish (Gros Ventre), Frank Pamani (Dakota, Crow Creek), and Ahuka (Arikara). Standing, from left to right, are Tiscaufuh (Arikara), Sayeda (Mandan), Uhahkeumpa (Dakota, Standing Rock), and Ecorrupttaha (Mandan). At front is Henry Karunch (Arikara/Sioux). Tribal affiliations are in parentheses.