These ground stone celts or adzes were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. Celts or adzes were produced by selecting a hard and dense stone, breaking it into the rough correct shape by percussion, and then pecking, grinding, and polishing the stone until it was smooth. The blades of celts from this site show that they were finely honed with a whetstone that left a mirror-like finish on each side of the blade. Celts and adzes were primarily woodworking tools, and celts may have occasionally been used as weapons. Adzes were probably used to make dugout canoes.
900 - 1600 C.E.
Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA