Grooved Stone Axes


Grooved Stone Axes


These grooved stone axes come from a site in King George county on the northern Coastal Plain. The smooth axes are examples of ground stone technology, which first appeared during the Late Archaic period. This method of tool production involved pecking and grinding the stone down to shape instead of chipping the stone away, as the other examples in this photo were made. Once finished, the axe would have been hafted to a wooden handle, which decomposed over time. Ground stone tools were repaired by flaking. Archaeologists can use microscopes to see use-wear patterns on the edges of stone axes to tell what they were used for. (Photo enhanced)

Date Created

3000 - 1200 B.C.E.


Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA



Physical Dimension

2423 × 1943


King George County