Grooved Stone Axes


Grooved Stone Axes


These grooved axes were collected from York county on the Coastal Plain. They are examples of chipped and ground stone technology, the latter of which first appeared during the Late Archaic period. This method of tool production involved pecking and grinding the stone down to shape instead of chipping the stone away. Ground stone tools were often made from granite or greenstone metabasalt, and they were repaired by flaking. Once finished, the axe would have been hafted to a wooden handle, which decomposed over time. Archaeologists can use microscopes to see use-wear patterns on the edges of stone axes to tell what they were used for.

Date Created

3000 - 1200 B.C.E.


Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA



Physical Dimension

796 × 504


York County