Grooved Stone Axes

Title

Grooved Stone Axes

Description

These grooved axes were collected from York county on the Coastal Plain. They are examples of chipped and ground stone technology, the latter of which first appeared during the Late Archaic period. This method of tool production involved pecking and grinding the stone down to shape instead of chipping the stone away. Ground stone tools were often made from granite or greenstone metabasalt, and they were repaired by flaking. Once finished, the axe would have been hafted to a wooden handle, which decomposed over time. Archaeologists can use microscopes to see use-wear patterns on the edges of stone axes to tell what they were used for.

Date Created

3000 - 1200 B.C.E.

Source

Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA

Format

Photograph

Physical Dimension

796 × 504

Coverage

York County