Browse Items (496 total)

These bone beads are made from the phalanges (wingtip bones) of turkeys. Virginia Indians produced many of these beads during the Late Archaic period. These two were found at an Early Historic site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Beads…

These traded glass beads come from an Early Historic period site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Glass beads were introduced by Europeans into Native American exchange systems, which had involved trade in shell beads since the Late…

These shell beads were found at an Early Historic period site in Montgomery County in Southwestern Virginia. They are made from the Marginella genus of marine molluscs. Shell beads were valuable in Virginia Indian exchange systems long before the…

This turtle shell was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. It has been carefully cut, polished, and smoothed around the rim and interior to produce a bowl or cup. Turtle shells were commonly used for this…

This rare artifact was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. It is a quartz knife hafted to a bone handle. This artifact shows how Virginia Indians combined different materials from the environment around them…

These bone awls or hairpins were found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. The bottom specimen has been notched to produce a serrated edge. Hairpins were used for various styles and occasions.

This sharpened antler projectile point was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Bone or antler projectile points were sometimes advantageous over stone ones because they were far lighter. The tips of deer…

These delicate bone weaving tools were used during the Late Woodland period at a site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. Included are several needles used for sewing as well as weaving.

These assorted bone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. They include awls, hairpins, a beamer (top), a turtle shell cup or bowl, fish hooks, a needle and other hideworking tools, and a knife made…

These bone beads were found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County, southwestern Virginia. They are highly polished and were probably strung onto a necklace or sewn onto clothing as decoration. Bone beads were produced during the Middle…