Browse Items tagged "Late Woodland" (137 total)

This nutting stone was found at a site in Orange County in the northern Piedmont. The center of the stone was ground out to form a depression that would hold a nut securely while being cracked by another stone from above. Although Virginia Indians…

This photo shows a mano and metate from a site in Orange County in the northern Piedmont. During the Middle Woodland period, people in Virginia began to practice plant cultivation and small-scale agriculture. This was one factor that led them to…

This artifact was found at a late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. It is a large section of antler that appears to have been used as a pick. The cut-and-pointed short prong shows considerable use wear and polish. (Photo…

Turtle shells were frequently used by Virginia Indians as cups or bowls. This one, found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont, was made into a container by carefully grinding away the portion of the skeleton that was…

These bone fishhooks and fishhook blanks were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County, in the southern Piedmont. The craftsperson would first carve an interior oval-shaped hole in a flat bone, usually a phalanx or long bone, that would become…

These bone tools were recovered from a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. The sharp short objects at the right are projectile points made of deer phalanges. Bone projectile points were more lightweight and durable than…

These bone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. To the left are four awls made from turkey, deer, and waterfowl bones. These sharp tools were used to punctuate and incise clay, to pierce deer hide,…

These bone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. The second object from the right is an antler projectile point. Bone projectile points were more lightweight and durable than stone points. The other…

These bone awls were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. These sharp tools were used to punctuate and incise clay, to pierce deer hide, and to perforate other materials. They were produced from deer, bird, and…

Sharpened bone and antler tips were often hollowed at the base and used as projectile points. These points are from a Late Woodland site in Henry County in the southern Piedmont. Bone tips may have been advantageous over stone points because they…