Browse Items tagged "Late Woodland" (137 total)

Chipped and ground stone hoes came into use during the Middle and Late Woodland periods. These artifacts are one of the ways that archaeologists know when Virginia Indians adopted gardening, agriculture, and sedentary lifestyles. These hoes were…

Small, triangular points became much more frequent in use during the Middle Woodland period. Some archaeologists believe they represent widespread use of the bow and arrow and an accompanying change in the status of hunters during this time. These…

These ground stone axes and celts were found at a site in Henry County in the southern Piedmont. Ground stone tool production involved pecking and grinding the stone down to shape instead of chipping the stone away. Ground stone tools were often…

Chipped and ground stone hoes came into use during the Middle and Late Woodland periods. These artifacts are one of the ways that archaeologists know when Virginia Indians adopted gardening, agriculture, and sedentary lifestyles. These hoes were…

These chipped stone axes date to the Middle to Late Woodland period. They were found on a site in Henrico County in the eastern Piedmont. The axes would have been hafted to wooden handles, which decomposed over time. Archaeologists can use…

Based on wear patterns, archaeologists believe that this artifact from a Late Woodland site in King William County on the Coastal Plain was used as a sharpening stone. Stone and bone tools were regularly sharpened and repaired to ensure their…

Middle and Late Woodland people left behind tools that were used in gardening and small-scale agriculture, such as these chipped greenstone, shale, and slate hoes from a site in Roanoke County, in the Blue Ridge region of west-central Virginia. Such…

Small, triangular points became much more frequent in use during the Middle Woodland period. Some archaeologists believe they represent widespread use of the bow and arrow and an accompanying change in the status of hunters during this time. These…

This multi-purpose stone tool could have been a scraper, spokeshave (a woodworking tool), or a graving spur (a hideworking and generalized cutting tool). It was found at a Middle to Late Woodland site in Orange County in the northern Piedmont…

This unusually shaped nutting stone was found at a site in Orange County in the northern Piedmont. The surface of the stone was ground out to form many small depressions, which would hold nuts securely while being cracked by another stone from…