Browse Items tagged "Late Woodland" (137 total)

People first began producing steatite bowls in Virginia in the Late Archaic period. This specimen was found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. It has been finely smoothed on its interior and exterior surfaces.

These ground stone celts or adzes were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. Celts or adzes were produced by selecting a hard and dense stone, breaking it into the rough correct shape by percussion, and then…

These quartz projectile points were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. They are mostly triangular and made from vein quartz or quartz crystal. Triangular points became dominant in the Middle and Late Woodland…

These stone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. They include a small ground stone celt or adze, a cone-shaped polished steatite object, winged drills, and triangular projectile points.

This miniature celt is made soapstone, also called steatite. Steatite is a soft stone that was used to create many types of artifacts. Usually, celts were made of greenstone and were larger, making archaeologists puzzle over the possible function…

This stone drill was found at a Late Woodland site in Tazewell County, southwestern Virginia. Archaeologists can tell drills apart from stone projectile points used on spears or arrows because they are extra long and narrow in order to be optimized…

This stone drill was found at a Late Woodland site in Tazewell County, southwestern Virginia. Archaeologists can tell drills apart from stone projectile points used on spears or arrows because they are extra long and narrow in order to be optimized…

This grooved axe was found at a Late Woodland site in Tazewell County in southwestern Virginia. It is an example of ground stone technology, which first appeared during the Late Archaic period. This method of tool production involved pecking and…

Small, triangular projectile points became much more frequent in use during the Middle Woodland period. Some archaeologists believe they represent widespread use of the bow and arrow and an accompanying change in the status of hunters during this…

Ground stone technology first appeared during the Late Archaic period but stayed in use until the Late Woodland period. These ground stone tools may have been used as sharpening stones, celts, or props for fish net weights. Archaeologists can tell…