Browse Items tagged "tool" (71 total)

This bone beamer was found at a Late Woodland site in Montgomery County in southwestern Virginia. Beamers were made by cutting a groove into a long bone to produce two sharp, parallel edges. The tool was then used to scrape flesh and fat off of…

These ground stone celts or adzes were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. Celts or adzes were produced by selecting a hard and dense stone, breaking it into the rough correct shape by percussion, and then…

These stone tools were found at a Late Woodland site in Halifax County in the southern Piedmont. They include a small ground stone celt or adze, a cone-shaped polished steatite object, winged drills, and triangular projectile points.

This stone drill was found at a Late Woodland site in Tazewell County, southwestern Virginia. Archaeologists can tell drills apart from stone projectile points used on spears or arrows because they are extra long and narrow in order to be optimized…

This stone drill was found at a Late Woodland site in Tazewell County, southwestern Virginia. Archaeologists can tell drills apart from stone projectile points used on spears or arrows because they are extra long and narrow in order to be optimized…

This grooved axe was found at a Late Woodland site in Tazewell County in southwestern Virginia. It is an example of ground stone technology, which first appeared during the Late Archaic period. This method of tool production involved pecking and…

Small, triangular projectile points became much more frequent in use during the Middle Woodland period. Some archaeologists believe they represent widespread use of the bow and arrow and an accompanying change in the status of hunters during this…

Ground stone technology first appeared during the Late Archaic period but stayed in use until the Late Woodland period. These ground stone tools may have been used as sharpening stones, celts, or props for fish net weights. Archaeologists can tell…

Chipped and ground stone hoes came into use during the Middle and Late Woodland periods. These artifacts are one of the ways that archaeologists know when Virginia Indians adopted gardening, agriculture, and sedentary lifestyles. These hoes were…

Small, triangular points became much more frequent in use during the Middle Woodland period. Some archaeologists believe they represent widespread use of the bow and arrow and an accompanying change in the status of hunters during this time. These…