Much of Middle and Late Woodland stone tool technology was a continuation from the tools developed in the Early Woodland period. New additions were heavy stones used to crack nuts and grind grains like corn into meal. The nutting stone and mano and metate set pictured here are artifacts used for these purposes. They are an indication that people were starting to live sedentary lifestyles in permanent villages, since grinding stones are too heavy to be transported over long distances efficiently. More indications of sedentism and agriculture include chipped stone rectangular hoes and sharpening stones to repair other tools. Celts and adzes were finely polished ground stone tools that were used for woodworking or perhaps as ceremonial weapons.
During the Middle Woodland period, small triangular projectile points increased in frequency across the Mid-Atlantic. Archaeologists interpret this to mean that the bow and arrow became a more common hunting tool. Triangular points remain common throughout the Late Woodland period. Stone drills can be distinguished from projectile points because they are much more narrow, often with a wider base. They were used to perforate the centers bone and shell beads.