Many bone and shell ornaments survive from Middle and Late Woodland contexts. Most numerous are shell beads, which were produced and traded widely across the state. They include disk beads made from freshwater mussels and cylindrical purple and white wampum made from marine clam. Marginella spp. is another group of marine molluscs that Virginia Indian people used to create beads. The beads were strung to make jewelry or sewn onto clothing.
Virginia Indians also produced ornaments from copper, the ore of which occurs naturally in some parts of Virginia. Copper was rolled to produce cone-shaped pendants which were probably sewn onto clothing. They are also called "tinklers" or "janglers" by archaeologists because when they were sewn close together, they produced a sound when the clothed person moved. Both copper and shell goods were valuable trade goods in Native American exchange systems, and they were involved with symbolizing status and authority within and between communities.
Archaeologists have also uncovered several interesting animal remains that suggest use as headdresses or masks. They include a polished section of deer cranium, antler sets showing cutting and polishing at the base, and a cut section of a bear maxilla.