Middle and Late Woodland artisans created beautiful stone body ornaments out of colorful varieties of stone. Banded slate was a common material for making gorgets, which are decorative or protective stone pieces worn around the throat or chest. Pendants could be small or large, and were worn suspended on cords or necklaces. Ornaments were made by grinding and abrading the stone to the desired shape, then polishing it with sand and water. Some large pendants have been found that show blades and use wear on the bottom edge, suggesting they may have been multifunctional.
Archaeologists occasionally find unique ornaments carved from stone. This stone head effigy bead was carved out of blue-black steatite and was probably recycled from a broken pipe bowl. It was probably sewn onto clothing or a headdress because the central hole runs from the top to the bottom of the head. The face is carved realistically, and shows an incised hairline or headdress along the forehead. Artifacts like this give fascinating insights into Middle and Late Woodland creative expression.