Early Woodland people used both chipped and ground stone technology to create tools. These techniques were a continuation of Late Archaic practices. Projectile points took on new distinctive styles, allowing archaeologists to date sites to the Early Woodland period by the types of points that are present.
Hammerstones are heavy, rounded stones used for percussion flaking. In this technique, flakes of stone are knocked off of a tool to create the desired form. Mauls (generalized chopping tools or perhaps objects used to prop up fish net poles), axes, and projectile points were produced this way. Axes and net sinkers were sometimes produced using the ground stone technqiue.
The Early Woodland was a transition period between mobility and sedentism. As people began to move around less and return to the same places, they left caches of partially completed tools that could be accessed at a later time. This practice saved time when a tool blank was needed on short notice. This process of caching tools, food, or other materials may have been a part of the gradual shift toward sedentism.