"Their Manner of Fishing"
The 30+ tribes affiliated with the Powhatan paramount chiefdom lived along the rivers of the vast Chesapeake Bay watershed, taking what they needed from the waters and returning to them, spiritually andy physically, in gratitude for the water's gifts. Early colonists found the rivers so full of fish that they tried to catch them with frying pans.
In this watercolor by John White, 1585, the Native people of the Virginia-Carolina coast are depicted in various fishing activities, along with the species they pursued. Some men appear to be hunting fish after dark using fire to attract the fish. Others use spears. Additionally, a fish weir--a fence made of wooden spikes that draws the fish into a trap-- stretches across the river. Remnants of Native fish weirs can still be found at certain points on the James River above Richmond.