Frank G. Speck's Photographs, 1914-1942

Winona and Iola Bradley

Winona B. Bradley and Iola J. Bradley were twin Chickahominy girls, born around 1910. The census of 1940 indicates that they had sixth-grade educations and were living together in Philadelphia with a fourteen-year-old sister, Pauline Bradley.

A number of Virginia Indians left the state following passage of the Racial Integrity Act of 1924, which felonized marriage between people of color and those deemed to be white, and which classified American Indians as "colored." Some settled in Philadelphia, where a small satellite community of Indians from several Virginia tribes eventually formed.

Winona and Iola Bradby

Winona and Iola Bradby by Frank G Speck (ca. 1900)