One of the diagnostic artifact types of the seventeenth century is the Chesapeake Pipe. This style of clay pipe is found throughout the Coastal Plain region. Chesapeake pipes have elaborate designs created by using a small rounded pin-like tool to create rouletted patterns. The tiny dots are arranged to form representational pictures, such as stars, letters, animals, ships, or they are arranged into geometric patterns. Sometimes the patterns were impressed using a rolling tool that created uniform lines. Many scholars debate over exactly which group produced Chesapeake pipes. They were probably produced by both Virginia Indians and colonists, and may have also been produced by enslaved Africans. The pipes were traded amongst groups and hundreds examples have been found across many sites.
The last photo at the bottom right is not a Chesapeake pipe, but is an incised clay pipe found at an Early Historic period site. Its representational design of a human figure with two punctuated eyes is very unique compared to the majority of artifacts.